Regardless of the overwhelming heterosexuality of main-stream news representations, portrayals of homosexual and lesbian people on tv are becoming significantly more widespread since 1997 whenever Ellen became the very first tv program to own a gay leading character. This enhance is seen when you look at the introduction of homosexual figures on numerous shows such as for example Spin City, ER, Dawson’s Creek, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer, along with suggests that give attention to homosexual figures in leading roles such as for instance Will and Grace and it is All general. In addition, cable stations have actually included programs such as for instance Queer as Folk, Six Feet Under, and Oz that depict homosexual figures much more plot that is complex sufficient reason for more explicit sexual habits.
Even though existence of lgbt figures could have increased recently on both broadcast that is commercial cable sites, it really is not clear just just how often television addresses the intimate dilemmas and issues of intimate minorities.
As noted earlier in the day, when homosexual and lesbian figures have actually been incorporated into programs, they’ve usually been portrayed in asexual contexts. Furthermore, the majority of just exactly what is published up to now about homosexuality and tv happens to be qualitative (including solitary show situation studies), concentrating on just just how particular programs have actually portrayed homosexual figures. Although many content analyses have actually examined the actual quantity of sexual content shown on tv generally speaking (Cope Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et that is al; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope Farrar, Biely, Maynard Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported from the prevalence of intimate portrayals and speak about sexual problems pertaining to gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.
This paper centers around factors evaluating content that is nonheterosexual had been included as an element of two bigger content analyses examining intimate content more broadly on US tv.
Information through the 2001 2002 and 2002 2003 tv periods are accustomed to respond to questions in regards to the prevalence and regularity of intimate behavior and intimate talk relating to nonheterosexuals. Particularly, the information analyses address two broad research concerns: (1) as to what extent are nonheterosexual intimate themes, especially intimate behavior and speak about sex, present in tv development general and exactly just just what habits emerge across system genres, system kinds, and prime time versus nonprime time development? (2) When nonheterosexual intimate content does take place, what’s its regularity and just how does it differ across genres, types of community, and prime time versus nonprime time development?
A 3 composite week sampling plan ended up being utilized to have two large yearly random examples of tv programs of interest that is greatest to adolescents and that were comprehensive on most sections regarding the television industry. Programs had been taped from 11 channels 6 commercial broadcast companies (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable sites (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). Since the content analyses had been section of a bigger research study on tv exposure and adolescent sexuality, a few sites had been included due to their interest young audiences including UPN, which televises a considerable wide range of programs with young African American characters (age.g., The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One on a single); WB, which tailors its development to white youth, with programs such as for example Gilmore Girls, 7th paradise, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which will show music videos along with other programs (age.g., dating truth programs) watched by many people teenagers and adults.
Composite week sampling designs have now been utilized in past content analysis studies to get representative types of tv development (Kunkel et al., 1999, 2001, 2003; Madden & Grube, 1994; Wallack, Grube, Madden, & Breed, 1990; Wilson et al., 1997). This sampling strategy involves arbitrarily picking times of the week or particular time slots for recording over weeks to lessen prospective bias that would be introduced if all taping had been done within a solitary calendar week. Recording associated with sample occurred primarily over a 7 week duration within the autumn every year. Because season premiere episodes are staggered through the thirty days of September, we started taping once all nonsyndicated show had been showing episodes through the present period. Each week, three various times of the week had been arbitrarily chosen for taping from all 11 channels, along with a week regarding the week represented 3 x within the test. The 8 hour time block for taping extended from 3:00 p.m. (from which time youth that is most are away from free xxx porn cams college) to 11:00 p.m. (through prime time). The entire process of recapturing missed episodes (like those which is why the satellite sign ended up being lost or perhaps the show was pre empted by sporting or any other events that are special proceeded through the winter season.